Species: Ananas comosus
Common Names: Pineapple, Ananas, Nanas, Pina.
Related Species: Pina de Playon (Ananas bracteatus).
Distant affinity: Pingwing (Aechmea magdalenae), Pinguin (Bromelia pinguin), Pinuela (Karatas plumier).
What is the origin of the pineapple?
The pineapple is native to southern Brazil and Paraguay where wild relatives occur. It was spread by the Indians up through South and Central America to the West Indies before Columbus arrived. In 1493 Columbus found the fruit on the island of Guadaloupe and carried it back to Spain and it was spread around the world on sailing ships that carried it for protection against scurvy. The Spanish introduced it into the Philippines and may have taken it to Hawaii and Guam early in the 16th Century. The pineapple reached England in 1660 and began to be grown in greenhouses for its fruit around 1720. (CRFG)
Where can pineapples be grown?
Pineapples can be grown anywhere that frost and freezing do not occur. Cold temperatures will affect the quality of the fruit. Intense sun can scorch the pineapple fruit. Relatively stable temperate areas are best suited for pineapple production. 4 Dominica’s farm is located in an area well suited to pineapple production with temperatures ranging from a low of 69 to a high of 85 degrees farenheight. There is also ample rain and sunshine every day of the year, producing a high quality, great tasting fruit.
What kind of fertilization is necessary in farming pineapples?
Nitrogen is an essential input for increasing fruit size and promoting fruit health. 4 Dominica is an entirely organic farm, using only inputs approved by the Soil Association, England’s leading organic certification and standards organization. To improve soil quality, organic compost is added as foliar spray or directly to the roots. In addition, 4 Dominica uses sustainable, regenerative farming techniques such as crop rotations and interplanting of leguminous, nitrogen producing crops. For more information on regenerative farming, visit the Rodale Institute.